ISSN: 1818-0346

Volume 2, Issue 24

Volume 2, Issue 24, Autumn 2018, Page 1-442

Types and modes of economic transport between Andalusia and the countries of the Islamic East

Prof. Dr. Essam Dawood Al-Shwayli Researcher; Wijdan Abdul Zahra

Journal of Historical studies, Volume 2, Issue 24, Pages 1-32

Road and transport have played amajor role in do cumenting the economic relations between and a lusia and the countries of the Islamic East. And alusia was associa ted with these countries with anet work of roads , vive ways and sea which facilita ted travelers traders and scien tists traveling to and from And alusia .Especially that these roads were in this period subject to the sultan of the Muslims which resulted in the continuafion and censdidation of economic. Cultural and civilizational relations between the People of And alusia and the people of the lslamic Mashreq. as well as the tran sport that provided traders to tran sport goods human obstacles that hampered the move mint of movement

The Baghdad Pact and its impact on the development of relations Iraqi-Iranian relations 1955-1958

Asst .Prof. Dr. Nadhim Reshm Matuq

Journal of Historical studies, Volume 2, Issue 24, Pages 33-58

The research is attempt to study Iraqi– Iranian relationships within the period of Baghdad Pact 1955-1958, , despite all the criticism leveled to the Baghdad Pact as a colonial project intended to confront the Soviet Union and the elimination of liberation movements in the States participating in the Pact, but it was a good opportunity for development the Iraqi-Iranian relations and the convergence of views between the two countries towards many of the common issues and the most important border problems, as well as their positions towards some events that happened in the world, especially the Arab world .

Sayed Ali Kamal Aldien Al-Guraifi )His scientific and upbrin)

Prof. Dr. Teeba Khalaf Abdullah; Assis. Lect. Nawal Abd Al- Kadhum Khifi

Journal of Historical studies, Volume 2, Issue 24, Pages 59-90

The study of Sayed Ali Kamal Aldien’s character in terms of content and subject is an important aspect in the history of Bahrain for being dealing with a character preceded premature in consciousness, though his dependence on religious and scientific legacy contributed effectively and efficiently in the development of his personality and his maturity and ability to influence in the community, especially that he originates from the descendant family of Al-Ghuraifis, and being one of the sons of its great references starting from his top grandfather Sayed Hussain Al-Ghuraifi through his Grandfather Sayed Mohsen and ending with his father, Sayed Ebrahim (God's mercy upon them), the two whom they took good care of him and scientifically embraced him, providing all noble qualities and characteristics, which is acceptable to scientists for their children; Sayed Ali Kamal Aldien also inherited a lot of the qualities of his grandfather and functions, those which he planned to serve the community.

Attitude of Arabian Gulf towards the Islamic Message

Asst .Prof. Dr. Muhsin M.Alhajjaj

Journal of Historical studies, Volume 2, Issue 24, Pages 91-126

The paper deals with attitude of Bahrain as well as Oman towards Islam in era of the prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him and his household) since of these areas represented what is so-called as Arabian gulf nowadays.
The paper discusses the devices which used to convey the Islamic concepts to the given areas. The devices were messages and letters as well as delegations which were coming from Medina.
Pre-Islam, the people of the given areas believed in various religious beliefs such as Idolatry as well as some other religions such as Jewish, Christianity and Magianism.
Despite that the chroniclers differed about dates of the letters and messages that were sent by the prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him and his household) to the people in the areas under study, but this paper emphasizes is: they were between the sixth and eighth years of Hijrah (the migration from Makkah to Madinah).

Scientific Life in the Andulusian city of wadi Ash( Guadix)

Asst .Prof. Dr. sabah khabut Azeez Saeed

Journal of Historical studies, Volume 2, Issue 24, Pages 127-188

The life of science came to view during the islamic civilization in all islamic countries. the large cities in andulus de great steps in science , represented in travels to learn new sciences and wrilens for all ages , many muslims reached great pinnacles in different science specialties which helped to teach an islamic yearning for science.
The city of wadi Ash is one at these cities , not well-known in those times despite the fact that it produced a great number of scientists who served their country well . it is vital , in our view to expose their great effort and make them well-known to all.
Therefore it is our duty to make known their great achievements in art , science and other fields , and show the real role of Andulusian civilization and its effect on all .
This is an opportunity to show the depth of these great efforts . This city of wadi Ash was well-known as it is part of the famous Granada , the fast of the islamic civil centres . Granada was one of the first to be rule of Beni Ahmer .

Brotherhood and the political system in Egypt between two covenant ( 1967 – 1972 )

Asst .Prof. Dr. Ammar Fadhel Hamza Recearcher . Asraa Hameed Hanon

Journal of Historical studies, Volume 2, Issue 24, Pages 189-260

Political Islamic groups, or what some people like to call Islamic Movement in Egypt, were considered of the movements that need a comprehensive study especially when considering political Islam with the Islamic Brotherhood group as the forepart. The Islamic Brotherhood group was one of the oldest Islamic organizations in Egypt and one of the most powerful Islamic movements in the world because it was characterized by linking its political work with Islamic charitable work and was described as the mother of Islamic movements in modern period and the most influential and widespread in the Arab world.
This topic raises many scientific and theoretical disputes around it so this study comes as a part of a series that tackled Brotherhood issue in Iraq or other Arabian and foreign countries. It is a fruitful subject for study and research for its great impact on society. Researchers consider Muslim Brotherhood and Islamic movements as one of the influential and active forces in Arab and Islamic societies. So studying and tracing the nature of their relation with the society on one hand and the political systems in Egypt and their position of it on the other is a fruitful topic for study and research. Therefore, the study aims to shed light on this issue and disclose the position of the group of the events and political developments witnessed in Egypt, the progress of their work politically and socially during an important historical period, their relation with Jamal Abdul Nassir and how and why the circumstances of this relation have changed with his death in 1970 and the coming of Muhammad Anwar Assad at as his successor.
The researcher has chosen the year 1967 as a starting point for the study because it represents for many researchers and intellectuals the year of national thought declination and the rise of Islamic movement due to many internal and external factors the most important of which is the defeat of June 1967 when the decline of the national project led to the rise of the Islamic trend and other national projects as an alternative to the Arab unity project which greatly affected the reality of Brotherhood and their internal position in Egypt. 1971 represents the year of the rise of the Islamists and their impact on Egyptian society after the great historic reconciliation that took place between them and Egyptian president Muhammad Anwar Assad at.

The Administrative Situation in the Ottoman era

Asst .Prof. Dr. Najat Abd Al kareem Abd Al sada Recearcher . Saad Khalaf Jaber

Journal of Historical studies, Volume 2, Issue 24, Pages 261-302

The issue of administrative conditions is particularly important because it represents the philosophy of the political system and its view to the institutions of governance, and how it works to satisfy public needs and provide services of public benefit.
The research deals with the administrative situation in the district of Al-Qarnhah in the period between 1869-1914 and its composition and how the administrative system in the judiciary, administrative divisions, the villages affiliated with it and the governmental institutions and their role in the judiciary appeared.

Mutual effect between the tables of foreign countries and Andalusian tables

Asst .Prof. Dr. Ansam Ghadban Abood Recearcher. Ebtehal Ahmed Yassin

Journal of Historical studies, Volume 2, Issue 24, Pages 303-326

This research study the effect of east tables and Moroccan tables on the people of Andalusia, in terms of the preparation of different species and varieties variety of foods that were manufactured in those countries and transition impact by incoming to Andalusia. On the other hand tables Andalusian also affected the presentation and the order of foods that were operating and regulated in the east and Morocco. The research also addressed the impact of east countries and Moroccan countries on Andalusian table, whether by arrivals from Andalusia Andalusian or migrations to these countries, they took with them their civilization, including the tables of foods.

The role of the people in the process of redemption of the Muslim prisoners of the Christians in Andalusia (172- 897 H / 788 – 1491 A.c )

Asst .Prof. Dr. Hussein Jabbar Majaitel Al olawi Researcher . Hedia Khashen Suab Alah Al Mouswi

Journal of Historical studies, Volume 2, Issue 24, Pages 327-354

This study which was the process of ransom that is explained in detail since it was practiced a lot by the Moslems to get back their captives .All classes of Moslems had contributed to the make this process successful when they paid much money to save and get them back .

Trusty Abu pin era and the fall of the Almohad dynasty (665-668 AH / 1267-1270m)

Satar Galil Ajil; Asst .Prof. Dr. Ali Saddam Nasrallah Researcher

Journal of Historical studies, Volume 2, Issue 24, Pages 355-414

Is confident Abu pin of statesmen Almohad who are notorious for their courage and foot as his role was evident in fighting the enemies of the state in Morocco and Andalus as he took something Aldvae from the capital Marrakech days Caliph Murtada has been able to bring supporters to Almarenan who have been forced to hold peace with monotheists and because of this victory increased its position in the state he went off by the Caliph was forced then heading to Meridinide enemies of the state to agree with them to overthrow the caliphate Murtada who shall ordered succession was what he wanted, and did not meet the Mrinyin including important decade of promises already kindled after the war between the two parties was the cause of death of the caliph and the fall State Almohad but that was not the cause of the crash, but there were many reasons that led to its downfall and at all levels, whether on the political and ideological level or the military level and even economic

Abalat Relative

Shkran Mahmmud Atya; Asst .Prof. Dr. Kifauy Tarish Al Ali Researcher

Journal of Historical studies, Volume 2, Issue 24, Pages 415-442

This study is based on the Al ablat in laws and there are family has ancient kinsman to Quraish clan and there are (sons of abd shams ) there are sons ( Aumaya , and Abd Aumaya and noufel ) tlay are called (Al ablat ) their kinhssman bacll-to them mother ( Abla bent abd Abn Noufeel ) also this study taken all kinsman of ablat and Branches which avas three branchs in order to them kinsman with rulers and with each other and with the public.